Our team of specialists and staff believe that informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well being. The following information is for educational purposes, which covers an array of educational topics. Please note that many of the topics and procedures discussed are beyond the scope of practice of a Chiropodist. Your Chiropodist would be happly to help direct you to the appropriate practitioner as necessary.
We strongly encourage everyone to also consult their family physician regarding all health (including foot care) needs to ensure comprehensive care.
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The foot is made up of 26 bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments, 19 muscles, and numerous tendons. Complex biomechanics keep all these parts in the right position and moving together. Given these intricacies, it is not surprising that most people will experience some problem with their feet at some time in their lives.
Within each foot, the essential structure can be summed up as follows:
- Seven short tarsal bones make up the heel and back of the instep.
- Five metatarsal bones spread from the back of the foot toward front and make up the structure for the ball of the foot. Each metatarsal is associated with one of the toes.
- Fourteen phalanges, small bones, form the toe structure.
- Tarsal and metatarsal bones provide the structure for the arch of the foot.
- Bands of ligaments connect and hold all the bones in place.
- A thick layer of fatty tissue under the sole helps absorb the pressure and shock that comes from walking and everyday movements.